”To us, a phenomenon is either repetitive and stable or it is random and without pattern. We have little tolerance for disorder, and there seems little room for middle ground. Nonlinear theory, however, teaches that randomness and unpredictability are givens, and that they can build order, albeit a rather complex one. Social stability exists; it is dynamic and somewhat disordered, but there needn´t be an either/or perspective of order.”
Russ Marion The Edge of Organization; Chaos and complexity, Theories of Formal Social Systems
”To understand how contemporary technologies are changing our use of urban space we must make a clear separation between those that reinforce the tributary nature of cities and those that augment the emergent social practices of the city’s inhabitants. The dyadic tension between these two types of infrastructure is fundamentally the privatisation of urban space versus the democratisation of urban space.”
Weinstock, Michael. System City: Infrastructure and the Space of Flows.